International Biodiversity Day - With nature we survive

Author: Haris Hadžibaščaušević

The United Nations General Assembly has designated the International Day for Biodiversity to stop the extinction of plant and animal species and ecosystems on our planet. On this day in 1992, in Nairobi was adopted The Convention on Biodiversityand the signatory countries to this convention are committed to doing everything to protect the diversity of ecosystems. Like any ecology date, this day wants to point out the threat to the diversity of the living world on the planet as well as the importance of its preservation.

There are more and more indicators of how humanity can survive if it does not disturb the balance in its relationship with nature. A disturbance in that balance is especially visible during the COVID-19 pandemic. We saw how big our negative impact on the environment really is and what happens to nature, when we were all in collective lockdown. It was as if nature had "rested" after so long. We have seen that in some areas the ecosystems that were on the verge of extinction or were extremely endangered recovered.

The Convention on Biodiversity is the first international agreement that integrally seeks to address issues related to the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity from the global and regional to the national and local levels.

As for Bosnia and Herzegovina, our country signed the Convention on Biodiversity on October 4, 2002. In this regard, Bosnia and Herzegovina is assessed as a country with an extremely high degree of biological diversity, and this wealth sets it apart at the regional, European and global levels. Our country has a really favorable geographical position and this is the first prerequisite for the development of such biodiversity - from different climatic types to different soil types, etc.

It is estimated that the Earth is inhabited by between five and one hundred million different species, while scientists have described only about two million species. Population growth, urbanization, industrialization, modernization are all reasons to reduce the number of ecosystems, and some plant and animal species are already on the list of endangered species. One of the first and basic steps in the protection of species is to determine the extent and causes of endangerment of species in certain geographical areas and for that purpose we use the so-called Red Lists and Red Books.

The Red List is a list of endangered species distributed by endangered categories, while the Red Book contains more detailed information on the basic characteristics of the species, the degree of its endangerment, endangerment factors, as well as proposed measures for the protection of the species itself. The most well-known list of endangered species globally is The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. There are currently more than 116,000 species on the IUCN Red List, and more than 31,000 species are threatened with extinction.

Therefore, like every time, let us reconsider our attitude towards nature and think a bit about how we can contribute to the preservation of the environment and all of the good in it.

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