Summer solstice - the first day of summer
Author: Adi Operta
On this day, June 21, the astronomical first day of summer begins. At 23:44 exactly, summer came and will last until September 22, until 01:30. Interestingly, although this is the time of year when the Earth is the slowest and farthest away from the Sun, summer will be the longest season.
Today, the Sun is at the highest point of the horizon, a phenomenon when the Sun rays fall at right angles to the parallel of the so-called Northern Tropic, which is located at 23 ° 27 'N and which returns the Sun within the Torrid zone. With this begins the longest day in the northern hemisphere, which in our latitudes should last a little longer than 16 hours, and the night less than eight hours. Today's date is called the summer solstice in astronomy and geography. The day will last exactly 24 hours in the Arctic Circle (at 66 ° 33 ') and this astronomical event is known as the polar day or the midnight sun at the North Pole.
While the mentioned phenomenon takes place in the northern hemisphere, winter begins in the southern hemisphere and thus the shortest day in that hemisphere. Ancient civilizations marked this day by celebrating light and fire. The festivities were associated with agricultural activities. Many peoples built edifices with which they could accurately follow the movements of the Sun and Moon, which directed them to the solstices and equinoxes. The most famous such edifice is Stonehenge in England, where the arrival of this summer due to the epidemiological situation in the world will be monitored online. Although the astronomical summer has come, the meteorological summer is about to come after the passage of a vast altitude cyclone, which emitted a larger amount of precipitation in this part of the Balkan Peninsula.